The peacock that most people are familiar with is only one half of the peafowl family. The other half is the peahen -- the name for the female peafowl. Identifying the gender of juvenile peachicks is known as "sexing" the chicks. According to Feathersite.
How to Tell a Male Peachick From a Female Peachick
How to Sex a Peacock Chick | Pets on choicecornishcottages.com
Though the peacock is known for its distinctive, brightly colored tail feathers, that physical feature is possessed only by males of the species; the female peafowl, called a peahen, is far more plain in its plumage. Peachicks, or baby peafowl, share this plainness regardless of sex until they've reached roughly five months of age. As a result, identifying the sex of a peachick requires more than a simple visual inspection. Luckily, methods exist to distinguish the sexes — though some can be time-consuming. Peafowl are sexually dimorphic birds, meaning that the two sexes exhibit different physical characteristics: only male peafowl, or peacocks, possess the lustrous blue feathers and bright train of tail feathers the species is known for. Because these physical traits do not develop for a few months, the only way to immediately determine a peachick's sex is through close examination of the cloaca or the testing of the bird's excrement or blood. Given a few weeks, however, the sex of a peachick can generally be determined by observing the bird's leg length, chest color, and behavior in groups.
How to Sex a Peacock Chick
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Although determining the gender of peachicks is difficult, telling the difference between the adults is a piece of cake. Male peacocks are a synonym for beauty and style because of their dazzling tail feathers. Female peahens, on the other hand, are fairly plain birds. Since chicks look pretty much the same, it takes some sleuthing to determine whether an individual bird will grow up to be splendid or ordinary. Unless you want to go the DNA testing route, sexing peafowl chicks is more of an art than a science.